SC.4.E.6.6 Identify resources available in Florida (water, phosphate, oil, limestone, silicon, wind, and solar energy). Use any tools necessary- books from the library, the internet, etc.

Florida Resources:
By: Sripradyumna Donthineni

Key Words:

  • Calcium carbonate- A salt found naturally in forms such as chalk, limestone, marble, and calcite.
  • Ester- A chemical compound formed by a reaction with acid and alchocol with the elimination of water.
  • Phosphoric acid- An acid used in fertilizers and in soaps.
  • Peninsula- Land that is surrounded by water on three sides.


Picture of Limestone
Picture of Limestone
Limestone in Coral Reefs
Limestone in Coral Reefs

Limestone is a sedimentary rock that is made up mostly of calcite and aragonite. Calcite and aragonite are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate. Limestone can also be composed from skeletal fragments of coral. You can find limestone in aquifers, coral reefs, and other places too. Many companies mine limestone, too. If you are interested in how people mine limestone, visit How is Limestone Mined in Florida?.


Picture of a Phosphate Rock
Picture of a Phosphate Rock

Phosphate is salt or ester of phosphoric acid. Phosphate can be used as fertilizer and animal food. About 90% of phosphate mined in Florida is used in agriculture! Also, 5% goes is used as animal food. The rest is in things we use regularly like soft drinks, toothpaste, gum, film, light bulbs, and other materials. You can learn more at Learn about Phosphate!


Picture of an Oil Drill
Picture of an Oil Drill

Oil is a liquid that is used for fuel. A well is drilled into the ground so we can get oil and use it as fuel for machienes. It costs millions of dollars to drill a well and only a few work! Oil is usually transported by pipes to oil refineries. You can also learn more about oil at World Petroleum Council!

Solar Energy:

Solar energy comes from the sun. Solar energy can provide us with electricity. As the Sun's rays hit solar panels, the panels convert solar energy into electrical energy!


Florida is surrounded by water except for one side. Florida is a peninsula. We can also find water in aquifers. Hydroelectric dams convert energy from moving water into electrical energy. Water covers about 75% of Earth's surface!


Wind is also an important natural resource. We can use windmills to convert the motion of wind into electrical energy. This energy can be used to power light bulbs and many other electrical appliances!


Silicon is a chemical element that is a metalloid. It is the eighth most common element! Silicon is a solid and rarely is found as a completely pure element! Silicon makes up 27.7% of the Earth's crust!


Google Dictionary(Ester)
Google Dictionary(Phosphoric Acid)
Google Dictionary(Calcium Carbonate)
Google Dictionary(Oil)
Learn about Phosphate
How is Limestone Mined in Florida?
World Petroleum Council


Kate Powell